class orbitize.results.Results(sampler_name=None, post=None, lnlike=None, tau_ref_epoch=None, labels=None)[source]

A class to store accepted orbital configurations from the sampler

  • sampler_name (string) – name of sampler class that generated these results (default: None).

  • post (np.array of float) – MxN array of orbital parameters (posterior output from orbit-fitting process), where M is the number of orbits generated, and N is the number of varying orbital parameters in the fit (default: None).

  • lnlike (np.array of float) – M array of log-likelihoods corresponding to the orbits described in post (default: None).

  • tau_ref_epoch (float) – date (in days, typically MJD) that tau is defined relative to

  • labels (list of str) – parameter labels in same order as post

The post array is in the following order:

semimajor axis 1, eccentricity 1, inclination 1,
argument of periastron 1, position angle of nodes 1,
epoch of periastron passage 1,
[semimajor axis 2, eccentricity 2, etc.],
[parallax, masses (see docstring for orbitize.system.System)]

where 1 corresponds to the first orbiting object, 2 corresponds to the second, etc.

Written: Henry Ngo, Sarah Blunt, 2018

add_samples(orbital_params, lnlikes, labels)[source]

Add accepted orbits and their likelihoods to the results

  • orbital_params (np.array) – add sets of orbital params (could be multiple) to results

  • lnlike (np.array) – add corresponding lnlike values to results

  • labels (list of str) – list of parameter labels specifying the order in orbital_params

Written: Henry Ngo, 2018

load_results(filename, append=False)[source]

Populate the results.Results object with data from a datafile

  • filename (string) – filepath where data is saved

  • append (boolean) – if True, then new data is added to existing object. If False (default), new data overwrites existing object

See the save_results() method in this module for information on how the data is structured.

Written: Henry Ngo, 2018

plot_corner(param_list=None, **corner_kwargs)[source]

Make a corner plot of posterior on orbit fit from any sampler

  • param_list (list of strings) –

    each entry is a name of a parameter to include. Valid strings:

    sma1: semimajor axis
    ecc1: eccentricity
    inc1: inclination
    aop1: argument of periastron
    pan1: position angle of nodes
    tau1: epoch of periastron passage, expressed as fraction of orbital period
    [repeat for 2, 3, 4, etc if multiple objects]
    plx:  parallax
    mi: mass of individual body i, for i = 0, 1, 2, ... (only if fit_secondary_mass == True)
    mtot: total mass (only if fit_secondary_mass == False)

  • **corner_kwargs – any remaining keyword args are sent to corner.corner. See here. Note: default axis labels used unless overwritten by user input.


corner plot

Return type



Example: Use param_list = ['sma1,ecc1,inc1,sma2,ecc2,inc2'] to only plot posteriors for semimajor axis, eccentricity and inclination of the first two companions

Written: Henry Ngo, 2018

plot_orbits(object_to_plot=1, start_mjd=51544.0, num_orbits_to_plot=100, num_epochs_to_plot=100, square_plot=True, show_colorbar=True, cmap=<matplotlib.colors.LinearSegmentedColormap object>, sep_pa_color='lightgrey', sep_pa_end_year=2025.0, cbar_param='epochs', mod180=False)[source]

Plots one orbital period for a select number of fitted orbits for a given object, with line segments colored according to time

  • object_to_plot (int) – which object to plot (default: 1)

  • start_mjd (float) – MJD in which to start plotting orbits (default: 51544, the year 2000)

  • num_orbits_to_plot (int) – number of orbits to plot (default: 100)

  • num_epochs_to_plot (int) – number of points to plot per orbit (default: 100)

  • square_plot (Boolean) – Aspect ratio is always equal, but if square_plot is True (default), then the axes will be square, otherwise, white space padding is used

  • show_colorbar (Boolean) – Displays colorbar to the right of the plot [True]

  • cmap ( – color map to use for making orbit tracks (default: modified Purples_r)

  • sep_pa_color (string) – any valid matplotlib color string, used to set the color of the orbit tracks in the Sep/PA panels (default: ‘lightgrey’).

  • sep_pa_end_year (float) – decimal year specifying when to stop plotting orbit tracks in the Sep/PA panels (default: 2025.0).

  • cbar_param (string) – options are the following: epochs, sma1, ecc1, inc1, aop1, pan1, tau1. Number can be switched out. Default is epochs.

  • mod180 (Bool) – if True, PA will be plotted in range [180, 540]. Useful for plotting short arcs with PAs that cross 360 deg during observations (default: False)


the orbit plot if input is valid, None otherwise

Return type


(written): Henry Ngo, Sarah Blunt, 2018 Additions by Malena Rice, 2019


Save results.Results object to an hdf5 file


filename (string) – filepath to save to

Save attributes from the results.Results object.

sampler_name, tau_ref_epcoh are attributes of the root group. post, lnlike, and parameter_labels are datasets that are members of the root group.

Written: Henry Ngo, 2018